Omar Yaghi

Omar Yaghi
Nanostructure of Organic Materials
Academic degree:
Ph. D. University of Illinois-Urbana, 1990
Home Page:
See Personal Website

Educational History

2006 - Present Professor, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Director, Center for Reticular Chemistry at the California NanoSystems Institute
2004 - 2005 Collegiate Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan
1999 - 2004 Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan
1992 - 1998 Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry Arizona State University
1990 - 1992 NSF Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard University
1986 - 1990 Ph. D. University of Illinois-Urbana
1981 - 1984 BS, State University of New York

Research History

Metal Organic frameworks (MOFs) have been designed and constructed from organic linkers and metal-oxide units. MOFs are the first class of porous crystals (and extended structure) to be synthesized by design. They possess the highest surface areas and polymerization catalysis, gas separtations, and gas (hydrogen, methane and carbon dioxide) storage applications. Just last year MOFs have been shown to sotre 7.5%wt hydrogen making MOFs the prime candidates for future use of clean fuels, and 140% wt carbon dioxide making MOFs the ideal materials for automobile on board carbon dioxide capture.

Since the earliest days of solid state chemistry, crystals to have an apparent capacity for host-guest adsorption. The frameworks were, however, usually too fragile to maintain permanent porosity, and guest removal resulted in collapse of these structures rendering them non-porous. Yaghi entered tis arena in 1994 with the goal of producing extended structures that are held together by strong metal-oxygen bonds and immediately showed that indeed such materials can be crystallized into robust porous frameworks (JACS 1994, Nature 1995), termed MOFs. Up to this point, zeolites were the only truly porous crystals known. His work vitalized the concept of building blocks and to a large extent has served to define this new area of research.

Selected Papers

  1. Côté, A.P,* El-Kaderi, H. M., Furukawa, H., Hunt, J. R., and Yaghi, O.M. 'Reticular Synthesis of Microporous and Mesoporous 2D Covalent Organic Frameworks', J. AM. CHEM. SOC., 129, 2007, 12914-12915.
  2. El-Kaderi, H.; Hunt, J.R.; Mendoza-Cortez, J.L.; Côté, A.P.; Taylor, R.; O'Keeffe, M.; Yaghi, O.M, 'Designed Synthesis of 3-D Covalent Organic Framework', Science, 316, 2007, 268-272.
  3. A. G. Wong-Foy, A. J. Matzger, O. M. Yaghi, 'Exceptional H-2 saturation uptake in microporous metal-organic frameworks',J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128, 2006, 3494-3495.
  4. Rhombicuboctahedron, H. Furukawa, J. Kim, K. E. Plass, and O. M. Yaghi, 'Crystal Structure, Dissolution, and Deposition of a 5 nm Functionalized Metal-Organic Great', J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128, 2006, 8398-8399
  5. S. Gröger, V. Künzel, J. Kärger, O. M. Yaghi, M. Hesse, U. Müller, 'NMR studies on the diffusion of hydrocarbons on the metal-organic framework material MOF-5, F. Stallmach',Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 45, 2006, 2123-2126.
  6. A. L. Grzesiak, F. J. Uribe-Romo, N. W. Ockwig, O. M. Yaghi, A. J. Matzger, 'Polymer-induced heteronucleation for the discovery of new extended solids', Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 45, 2006, 2553-25 56.
  7. C. Sudik, A. P. Côté, A. G. Wong-Foy, M. O'Keeffe, O. M. Yaghi, 'A metal-organic framework with a hierarchical system of pores and tetrahedral building blocks', Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 45 (16), 2006, 2528-2533.
  8. B. L. Chen, C. D. Liang, J. Yang, D. S. Contreras,Y. Clancy, E. B. Lobkovsky, O. M. Yaghi, S. Dai, 'A microporous metal-organic framework for gas-chomatographic separation of alkanes', Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 45 (9), 2006, 1390-1393.
  9. J. L. C. Roswell, O. M. Yaghi, 'Effects of functionalization, catenation, and variation of the metal oxide and organic linking units on the low-pressure hydrogen adsorption properties of metal-organic frameworks', J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128, 2006, 1304-1315.
  10. A. R. Millward, O. M. Yaghi, 'Metal-organic frameworks with exceptionally high capacity for storage of carbon dioxide at room temperature', J. Am. Chem. Soc., 127, 2005, 17998-17999.