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24th GREEN Open Seminar

Schedules 2012.11.12 Finished


The 24th GREEN Open Seminar will be held at NIMS on November 12, 2012, to have a lecture by Prof. Andrew A. Gewirth, Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois.

Abstract

Role of Solvent and Support in Oxygen Reduction and Evolution in Metal-Air Batteries

In this talk, we report on electrochemical, mass spectrometric, and NMR spectroscopic studies on the products and activity of different solvents and catalysts for metal-air batteries. We use differential electrochemical mass spectrometry (DEMS) to characterize the Li-O2 battery in an electrolyte containing tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether (TEGDME) and lithium triflate (LiOTf) and examine the effect of several cathode catalysts.  Au nanoparticles increase the amount of O2 evolved during charge and improve the cycleability of the cell.  In contrast, Pt, Pd, and Cu(II) oxide catalysts are detrimental to battery performance because they catalyze solvent or carbon cathode decomposition as evidenced by CO2 evolution.  Regardless of the catalyst employed, the amount of O2 measured upon charge is significantly less than that expected for complete Li2O2 formation and decomposition, in agreement with the rapidly fading capacity observed during battery cycling.  Detailed NMR studies, incl



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Summary

Event Title
24th GREEN Open Seminar
Venue
Seminar room, 4F Collaborative Research Bldg., Namiki site, NIMS
Schedules Hours
2012.11.12
15:30-17:00

Contact

GREEN

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