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Diffusive real-time dynamics of a particle with Berry curvature

Phys. Rev. B 97, 075122 (2018)

Kou Misaki, Seiji Miyashita, and Naoto Nagaosa ( https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.97.075122 )

Abstract

We study theoretically the influence of Berry phase on the real-time dynamics of the single particle focusing on the diffusive dynamics, i.e., the time dependence of the distribution function. Our model can be applied to the real-time dynamics of intraband relaxation and diffusion of optically excited excitons, trions, or particle-hole pair. We found that the dynamics at the early stage is deeply influenced by the Berry curvature in real space (B), momentum space (Ω), and also the crossed space between these two (C). For example, it is found that Ω induces the rotation of the wave packet and causes the time dependence of the mean square displacement of the particle to be linear in time t at the initial stage; it is qualitatively different from the t3 dependence in the absence of the Berry curvature. It is also found that Ω and C modify the characteristic time scale of the thermal equilibration of momentum distribution. Moreover, the dynamics under various combinations of B,Ω, and C shows singular behaviors such as the critical slowing down or speeding up of the momentum equilibration and the reversals of the direction of rotations. The relevance of our model for time-resolved experiments in transition metal dichalcogenides is also discussed.

その他特記事項

The authors thank M. Ezawa, T. Fukuhara, S. Furukawa, T. Ideue, H. Ishizuka, Y. Iwasa, M. Onga, andM. Ueda for useful discussion. This work was supported by the Elements Strategy Initiative Center forMagnetic Materials (ESICMM) under the outsourcing project of MEXT (S.M.), Grants-in-Aid forScientific Research (No. 24224009 and No. 26103006) from MEXT, Japan, ImPACT Program of Councilfor Science, Technology and Innovation (Cabinet office, Government of Japan), and JST CREST GrantNo. JPMJCR16F1, Japan (N.N.). 


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文部科学省
元素戦略プロジェクト(活動紹介)
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元素戦略拠点

触媒・電池元素戦略拠点
触媒・電池元素戦略研究拠点 (京都大学)
東工大元素戦略拠点
東工大元素戦略拠点 (東京工業大学)
構造材料元素戦略研究拠点
構造材料元素戦略研究拠点 (京都大学)
高効率モーター用磁性材料技術研究組合
高効率モーター用 磁性材料技術研究組合