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The 116th AMCP Open Seminar

Using ESR-STM as a tool to build quantum dimers

Schedules 2017.12.05


Date & Time

December 5 (Tue) 2017, 11:00-12:00

Venue

National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
Sengen Main Bldg. 8F Middle Seminar Room  → access

Registration

Pre-registration is not required.
For inquiries, please contact the Administrative Office.
This lecture is open to the public. Your participation is strongly encouraged.

Speaker

Dr. Yujeong Bae (Center for Quantum Nanoscience, Institutie for Basic Science (IBS),Seoul/IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose/Department of Physics, Ewha Womans University)

Title

Using ESR-STM as a tool to build quantum dimers

Abstract

Detecting and controlling the individual spin centers and their interactions have been common interests for the quantum and nanospintronic technologies. However, in the solid-state nanostructures, the electron spin states are extremely fragile due to interaction with the electric and magnetic fluctuations arising from nearby electrodes or neighboring spins. In this work, for spin-1/2 antiferromagnets, we demonstrate a singlet-triplet transition facilitates resonant control of the spin states with enhanced spin coherence. We built dimers of hydrogenated-titanium (Ti) atoms, which have spin of 1/2, on MgO(001) and implemented electron spin resonance (ESR) on them in scanning tunneling microscope (STM). The Ti atoms separated by ~1 nm are Heisenberg exchange coupled with antiferromagnetic alignment. This spin configuration enables us to achieve enhanced spin coherence using the transition between singlet and triplet states, which are known to be more immune to the spin decoherence sources. By selecting a spacing between two atoms that gives a large interaction energy, we could provide the spin states a high degree of protection from disrupting fields with better thermal initialization into the singlet state. The spin coherence for the singlet-triplet transition is found to be ~3 times longer than other transitions in the system and could be further enhanced by reducing the interactions with tunneling electrons. Our work provides fundamental understandings of the spin dynamics in artificially built nanostructures. Additionally, these spin 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnets may serve as a promising architecture for quantum computation and simulation.



Summary

Event Title
The 116th AMCP Open Seminar
Using ESR-STM as a tool to build quantum dimers
Venue
National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
Sengen Main Bldg. 8F Middle Seminar Room
Schedules Hours
2017.12.05
11:00~12:00
Registration Fee
Free

Contact

Research Center for Advanced Measurement and Characterization Administrative Office
National Institute for Materials Science
1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0047, Japan
Tel:81-29-859-3861
Fax:81-29-859-2801
E-Mail: amc=ml.nims.go.jp(Please change "=" to "@")
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National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047, JAPAN
TEL.+81-(0)-29-859-2000
FAX.+81-(0)-29-859-2029