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Micromagnetic Simulations of Magnetization Reversals in Nd-Fe-B Based Permanent Magnets

MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS

2016年6月24日(金)

http://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans.M2015457
( H. Sepehri-Amin, T. Ohkubo, K. Hono )

Abstract

Finite element micromagnetic simulation was employed to explain how the microstructure of Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets such as grain size, grain shape, and grain boundary composition influence the magnetization reversals and coercivity. Micromagnetic simulations showed that local demagnetization factor decreases as grain size decreases, which is attributed to a higher coercivity in fine-grained anisotropic permanent magnets. Lower demagnetization factor is also responsible for a lower temperature dependence of coercivity in the magnets with a smaller grain size. It was also found that the reduction of the magnetization of the grain boundary phase in hot-deformed Nd-Fe-B magnets leads to the coercivity enhancement due to a stronger pinning force against magnetic domain wall motion. The coercivity of Nd-Fe-B magnets cannot be enhanced by the reduction of the grain size alone unless the grain boundary phase become non-ferromagnetic, indicating that the role of the grain boundary phase is more pronounced in the Nd-Fe-B magnets with a smaller grain size.



研究活動

元素戦略拠点

触媒・電池元素戦略拠点
触媒・電池元素戦略研究拠点 (京都大学)
東工大元素戦略拠点
東工大元素戦略拠点 (東京工業大学)
構造材料元素戦略研究拠点
構造材料元素戦略研究拠点 (京都大学)
高効率モーター用磁性材料技術研究組合
高効率モーター用 磁性材料技術研究組合